View from the Window at le Gras, Joseph Nicephore Niépce, June/July 1826
Original metal plate.
Enhanced version by Helmut Gersheim, created ca. 1952. (More information.)
|The Daguerreotype: Louis Jacques Mande Daguerre.
L’Atelier de l’artiste, first stable Daguerrotype--created in 1837 and made public on 7 January 1839.
|Portrait of Daguerre, 1844|
the Giroux Daguerreotype camera
First Film Experiments
Le Prince was a Frenchman, working in Leeds, UK. Recorded images on paper film (not celluloid):
Le Prince single-lens camera (Type-1 MkII, 1888), with viewfinder lens at top.
Source: E. Kilburn Scott, The Career of L. A. A. Le Prince.
Films from October 1888:
Edison's Black Maria Studio, East Orange, NJ, circa 1895
Kinetoscope Parlor, circa 1895
Advertisement for Edison Films and Projecting Kinetoscopes. The Moving Picture World, June 15, 1907, p. 242.(1)
Circa 1914: Auguste on the left, Louis on the right.
Cinématographe as a projector.
Source: Bernard Chardère, ''Les Lumière'', Payot Lausanne, 1985; Credits: Archives Château Lumière, via Wikipedia.
First Public Screening, Admission Charged
28 December 1895, Salon Indien du Grand Café, Paris
The first 10 films (view selected films on the TCF server)
Christina O'Gorman (circa 1910)
French soldier eating lunch, during World War I (circa 1915).
Source: several Méliès illustrations are from La couleur retrouvée du Voyage dans la Lune, by the Groupama Gan Foundation for Cinema and Technicolor Foundation for Cinema Heritage.
A Trip to the Moon (1902)
Star Film Company studio, Montreuil-sous-Bois, Paris, France.
Méliès's shop in the Montparnasse Métro stop: "confectionery and toys."
The Nickelodeon Theater in Pittsburgh, the first nickelodeon in the United States. It was opened on June 19, 1905 by Harry Davis and John P. Harris and helped spark the fashion for 5-cent theaters.
Sources: The Community of Cinema: How Cinema and Spectacle Transformed the American Downtown by James Forsher (left) and The Moving Picture World, November 30, 1907 (right, 1).
Burns, Paul T., The Complete History of the Discovery of the Cinema, www.precinemahistory.net
George Eastman House, Timeline of Photography, www.eastman.org/5_timeline/5_index.html
Library of Congress, History of Edison Motion Pictures: Fictional Films Dominate as Nickelodeons Emerge (1900-1907), memory.loc.gov/ammem/edhtml/edfict.html
L’Institut Lumière, "La première séance publique payante."
Le Prince films, National Museum of Photography, Film & Television (UK).